Volume 2, Issue 3, August 2017, Page: 101-105
Aloe vera Leaf Extract as a Potential Growth Enhancer for Populus Trees Grown Under in vitro Conditions
Fadia El Sherif, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsaa, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Received: May 18, 2017;       Accepted: May 31, 2017;       Published: Jul. 5, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20170203.13      View  1540      Downloads  115
Natural plant extracts are a cost-effective and environmental friendly alternative to synthetic plant growth regulators and phytohormones. The present in vitro study investigated the promotory activity of various concentrations (0, 10, 20 and 40 mL/L) of Aloe vera leaf extract (ALE) on the growth of hybrid aspen (Populus tremula L. ×Populus tremuloides "Michx") clone T89 and aspen (Populus tremula L.) clone W52. The extract isolated from Aloe vera leaves increased the plant height and weight, number of shoots, leaves and roots, and the root length, as well as mineral concentrations of both Populus clones. The rooted plants were acclimatized in the greenhouse with 90% survival. The results showed that ALE is an efficient alternative source to improve the growth of both Populus clones under study.
Aloe vera Leaf Extract, Male Trees, Aspen, Hybrid Aspen, in vitro, Shoot Tip
To cite this article
Fadia El Sherif, Aloe vera Leaf Extract as a Potential Growth Enhancer for Populus Trees Grown Under in vitro Conditions, American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 101-105. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20170203.13
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Cutler HG, Schneider BA. Plant Growth Regulator Handbook. LaGrange, GA: Plant Growth Regulator Society of America. 1990.
Pandey A, Singh S. Aloe Vera: A Systematic Review of its Industrial and Ethno-Medicinal Efficacy. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Allied Sciences. 2016; 5: 21-33.
Surjushe A, Vasan i R, Saple D. Aloe vera: a short review,”Indian Journal of Dermatology. 2008; 53: 163–166.
Ni Y, Turner D, Yates KM, Tizard I. Isolation and characterization of structural components of Aloe vera L. leaf pulp. Int Immunopharmacol 2004; 4: 1745–55. doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2004.07.006 PMID: 15531291.
Chatterjee p, Bodhisattwa C, Subhangkar N. Significant Pharmacological Activities of Aloe vera plant. Min. J. Phar. Med. Sci. 2013; 3: 21-24.
Raman RPV, Rita R S, Mondal B C, Singh SK. Effect of Aloe vera and clove powder supplementation on carcass characteristics, composition and serum enzymes of Japanese quails. Vet. World. 2013; 8: 664-668.
Sahu K P, Giri D D, Singh R, Pandey P, Gupta S, Shrivastava A K, Kumar A, Pandey D K. Effect of Aloe vera on some annual plants Sci. Res. Pharmacology and Pharmacy. 2013; 4: 599-610.
Hamouda A M A, Hendi D M G, Abu-El-Leel O F A. Improving basil growth, yield and oil production by Aloe vera extract and active dry yeast. Egypt Journal Horticulture. 2012; 39: 45-71.
Rajeswari R, Umadevi M, Rahale S C, Pushpa R, Selvavenkadesh K P, Kumar S, Bhowmik D. Aloe vera: The Miracle Plant Its Medicinal and Traditional Uses in India. J. of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2012; 4: 118-124.
Shyamal KN, Lok MP, Charles WP. Dynamics of endogenous cytokinins during the growth cycle of a hormone- autorophic genetic tumor line of Tobacco. Plant Physiology. 1990; 94: 1084-1089.
Ahmed S K, Hammam KHA, Amer A A. Effect of bio- fertilization and some plant extracts on the growth, yield and chemical constituents of basil plants. Journal Plant Production Mansoura Univ. 2014; 5: 193-210.
El-Shayeb N S A. Physiological studies on Oenothera biennis bio- fertilizer and plant extracts. PhD. Thesis, Hort. Dept. Fac. Agric. Benha Univ. 2009.
Padmaja C K, Kowsalya B, Seethalakshmi C. Efficacy of Aloe vera leaf powder as biostimulant in enhancing the growth and yield of Lady's Finger (Abelmoschus esculentus L.). Research on Crops. 2007; 8: 395-397.
Mady A. Effect of certain medicinal plant extracts on growth, yield and metabolism of some medicinal and aromatic and plants. (M. Sc. Thesis) Fac. Science Al-Azher Univ. 2008.
Nour El-Din T. Physiological studies on marjoram plants (Majorana hortensis). M. Sc. Thesis of Ornamental Horticulture Department Faculty of Agriculture at Moshtohor Zagazig University (Banha Branch). 2005.
Dongzhi L, Tsuzuki E, SugimotoY, Yanjun D, Matsuo M, Terao H Allelopathic effects of aqueous Aloe vera leaf extract on selected crops. Statistical Allelopathy Journal. 2004; 13: 67-74.
Xiao X, Yang F, Zhang S, Korpelainen H, Li C. Physiological and proteomic responses of two contrasting Populus cathayana populations to drought stress. Physiologia Plantarum. 2009; 136: 150-168.
Taylor G A I L. Populus: Arabidopsis for forestry. Do we need a model tree?" Annals of Botany. 2002; 90: 681-689.
Khosla P K, Deol G S. Growth response of Male and Female clones of Populus Ciliata "Wall." Ex royle to nitrogenfertilizer. Proc. Indian main. Sci. Acad. 1984; 50: 603-606.
Khattab S. Effect of Different Media and Growth Regulators on the in vitro Shoot Proliferation of Aspen, Hybrid Aspen and White Poplar Male Tree and Molecular Analysis of Variants in Micropropagated Plants. Life Science Journal. 2011; 8: 177-184.
Jiang C 1, Zhaopu L, Qingsong Z. Direct Regeneration of Plants Derived from in vitro Cultured Shoot Tips and Leaves of Poplar (Populus ×euramericana ‘Neva’). Journal of Life Sciences. 2015; 9: 366-372.
Rawe GJ. Food analysis by atomic absorption spectroscopy varian. Tech. Tron. Australia, USA Switzerland. 1966.
Murashige T, Skoog F. A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassays with tobacco tissue cultures. Plant physiology. 1962; 13: 473–497.
Piper OS. Soil and plant analysis. In. University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia. 1947.
Jackson ML. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India, Private Limited; New Delhi. 1967.
Murphy J, Riley JP. A modified single-solution method for the determination of phosphorus in natural water: Analytica Chimica Acta. 1962; 27: 31-36.
Wilde SA, Corey RB, Lyer JG, Voight GK. Soil and plant analysis for Tree Culture, 3 edn. Oxford and IBM Puplishing Co, New Delhi. 1985.
Statsoft Inc. STATISTICA for Windows (software-system fur Datenanalyse) Version 6. http:/www.statisoft.com. 2001.
Sheikh F A, Singh R P P, Lehana P. Effect of high Voltage on the resistance of Aloe vera leaves. (IJRTE). 2013; 2: 42-45.
Hamman H J. Composition and applications of Aloe vera leaf Gel. Molecules. 2008: 13; 1599-1616.
Browse journals by subject