Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2017, Page: 17-24
A Review on the Economic Uses of Species of Cucurbitaceae and Their Sustainability in Nigeria
Mercy Ajuru, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Nigeria
Felicia Nmom, Ndele Campus, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 30, 2016;       Accepted: Nov. 25, 2016;       Published: Jan. 6, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20170201.14      View  8757      Downloads  302
Abstract
The Cucurbitaceae family commonly known as the gourd family is an excellent example of a plant family with many economically useful species. They are native in most countries of the world, especially in the tropics, where they are cultivated in every country, state, and province. The Cucurbitaceae consists of many important food plants such as melon, pumpkin, squash, cucumber; useful plants for the production of items of utility such as bottle gourds, loofah, ornamental gourds, etc. Some species, example, bitter melon, cucumber, musk melon, etc are considered to have medicinal properties due to the presence of cucurbitacins, etc. Others such as Luffa, Cucurbita, etc are used as complementary dietary ingredient of feed for poultry and increasingly as a protein and vitamin supplement to aqua feeds. Members of this family such as Momordica, Cucurbita, Cucumis etc are also used as remedies for livestock. In addition, seed oil of melon is a source of biodiesel. This article briefly reviews the nutritional, medicinal, ethnoveterinary and ethnomedicinal value of these plants, as well as their uses as items of utility, complementary dietary ingredient for poultry and aquafeed and as a source of biodiesel. This is an attempt to compile and document information on the different uses of these plants and to recommend that increased in production of these plants will be profitable and will contribute to food security and livelihood sustainability in Nigeria.
Keywords
Food Plants, Medicinal Plants, Ornamental Gourds, Cucurbita, Momordica, Poultry Feed
To cite this article
Mercy Ajuru, Felicia Nmom, A Review on the Economic Uses of Species of Cucurbitaceae and Their Sustainability in Nigeria, American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 17-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20170201.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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