Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2017, Page: 5-10
Irradiation and Storage Temperature Influence the Physiological Changes and Shelf Life of Mango (Mangifera indica L.)
Manoj Kumar Yadav, Department of Horticulture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, India; Department of Horticulture and Food Processing, Office of the DDH, Civil Lines, Satna, India
Kirtivardhan, Department of Basic Science, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, India
Paramveer Singh, Bihar Agriculture College, Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, India
Pushpraj Singh, International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India
Received: Oct. 17, 2016;       Accepted: Nov. 23, 2016;       Published: Jan. 3, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20170201.12      View  2308      Downloads  85
Abstract
In spite of being the leading producer of mango in the world, India registers the highest post harvest losses and minuscule exports. The reasons for this paradox are manifold. However, issues related to quarantine, shelf life and quality are the major stumbling blocks to trade, both national and international Therefore, a balance between the required effective dose and tolerance of fruit to irradiation has to be investigated under various storage temperatures. The experiment was arranged with sixteen treatment combinations of irradiation doses (0.00kGy-0.60kGy) and similar to storage temperature (Ambient at 27±2°C and 60-70% RH, 9°C and 90% RH, 12°C and 90% RH and Control atmospheric (CA) storage (12°C, O2 2%, CO2 3% and RH 90%) from the year 2008-2010. The fruits were exposed to gamma radiation from the source of 60Co. The data indicated that the fruits irradiated with 0.40kGy gamma rays recorded significantly minimum per cent reduction in physiological loss in weight, reduced ripening per cent, increased marketability of fruits and maximum average days to ripening and shelf life of fruits. Similar pattern were noticed when fruits kept at 9°C storage temperature and in combined effect of irradiation and storage conditions. Suggestions are made for maximizing storage potential by use of irradiation and adequate storage facilities for qualitative and hygiene produces.
Keywords
Alphonso Mango, Gamma Irradiation, Marketability, Ripening, Shelf Life, Storage Temperature
To cite this article
Manoj Kumar Yadav, Kirtivardhan, Paramveer Singh, Pushpraj Singh, Irradiation and Storage Temperature Influence the Physiological Changes and Shelf Life of Mango (Mangifera indica L.), American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 5-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20170201.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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