Volume 1, Issue 1, November 2016, Page: 1-12
Undergrowth Species Composition of the Exotic and Indigenous Tree Plots in Deciduous Forest Area of Hoteya Forest Range of Tangail District, Bangladesh
Md. Mijanur Rahman, Department of Botany, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Saleh Ahammad Khan, Department of Botany, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Gazi Mosharof Hossain, Department of Botany, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Abdur Rahim, Plant Systematics and Biodiversity Laboratory, Department of Botany, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Sep. 29, 2016;       Accepted: Oct. 10, 2016;       Published: Nov. 3, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20160101.11      View  2198      Downloads  95
To assess the impacts of monoculture of exotic tree species on the species composition and status of undergrowths in relation to that of indigenous tree species and to provide the baseline data on the undergrowth species of the plantation forests of exotic and indigenous tree species that might be useful in biodiversity conservation through appropriate selection of tree species for massive plantation programs.This study reports 116 undergrowth species belonging to 97 genera and 52 families of vascular plants fromthe tree plotsof exotic Acacia auriculiformis and Eucalyptus camaldulensis and 150 undergrowth species under 122 genera and 56 families from that of indigenous Shorea robusta and Mangifera indica of Hoteya Forest Range of Tangail district. Most of the 182 undergrowth species, found in exotic and indigenous tree plots together, were Angiosperms (±95%) and only ±5% were Pteridophytes. 63.74% of these species were herbs, 25.82% trees and 10.44% shrubs. In exotic tree plots, the undergrowths of 86, 87 and 76 species, and in indigenous tree plots, the undergrowths of 118, 113 and 111 species were found in summer-, monsoon- and winter seasons, respectively. In S. robusta-, A. auriculiformis-, E. camaldulensis-, and M. indica tree plots, a total of 93,69, 61 and 42 species were found in summer; 90, 77, 55, and 46 species in monsoon; and 82, 68, 39 and 51 species in winter seasons, respectively. In exotic tree plots, Axonopus compressus was found in highest relative density and frequency and Cyperus iria in highest relative abundance, whereas, in indigenous tree plots, A. compressus was found in highest relative density and abundance, and C. infortunatum in highest relative frequency when all undergrowth species were considered. Species number and density were significantly different between A. auriculiformis- and S. robusta- and M. indica- or E. camaldulensis plots. Study conclude that, indigenous tree plots harbored the higher number of species (18.68%) than the exotic tree plots, considering all types of plant species and all seasons and the number of uncommon species was relatively higher in number in indigenous tree plots than that in exotic tree plots. It proves that plantations of indigenous tree species are relatively better in harboring better species richness and diversity. This study suggests preferring the indigenous species for plantation programs in forested and fertile land areas; and exotic species for that in the degraded or barren areas with strict maintenance of the natural condition.
Undergrowth, Exotic, Indigenous, Acacia, Shorea, Plot
To cite this article
Md. Mijanur Rahman, Saleh Ahammad Khan, Gazi Mosharof Hossain, Md. Abdur Rahim, Undergrowth Species Composition of the Exotic and Indigenous Tree Plots in Deciduous Forest Area of Hoteya Forest Range of Tangail District, Bangladesh, American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-12. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20160101.11
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ahmed IJ (1996) Studies on the undergrowths of monoculture plantation of Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. Ex. Benth. in Bangladesh: Savar and it’s adjoining areas. M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Akter A, Zuberi MI (2009) Invasive alien species in Northern Bangladesh: Identification, inventory and impacts. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation. 1(5): 129-134.
Al-amin M, Alamgir M, Patwary MRA (2004) Composition and status of undergrowth of a deforested area in Bangladesh. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 3(5): 651-654.
Amin SMR, Ali MO, Fattah MIM (Eds.) (1995) Eucalypts in Bangladesh. Proceedings of a seminar held at the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka on April 6, 1994. 73.
Ara S, Gafur MA, Islam KR (1989) Growth and biomass production performance of Acacia auriculiformis and Eucalyptus camaldulensis reforested in the denuded hilly lands. Bangladesh J. Bot.18 (2): 187-195.
Arefin MK, Rahman MM, Uddin MZ, Hassan MA (2011) Angiosperm Flora of Satchari National Park, Habiganj, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon.18 (2): 117–140.
Barua SP, Khan MMH, Reza AHMA (2001) The status of alien invasive species in Bangladesh and their impact on the ecosystems. IUCN, Bangladesh.
Bhagwat SA, Nogué S, Willis KJ (2012) Resilience of an ancient tropical forest landscape to 7500 years of environmental change. Biological Conservation.153: 108-117.
Biswas SR, Choudhury JK, Nishat A, Rahman MM (2007) Do invasive plants threaten the Sundarbans mangrove forest of Bangladesh? Forest Ecology and Management. 245: 1-9.
Biswas SR, Khan MSI, Mallik AU (2012) Invaders’ control on post-disturbancesuccession in coastal mangroves. Journal of Plant Ecology 5: 157–166.
Braun-Blanquet J (1964) Pflanzensoziologie.Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. 3. Aufl. Berlin, Wien, New York: Springer Verlag.
Brawn-Blanquet J (1932) Plant Sociology. New York.
Cain SA (1938) The species-area curve. American Midland Naturalist. 19: 573-581.
Campbell S (2005) A global perspective on forest invasive species: the problem, causes, and consequences. In: McKenzie, P., Brown, C., Jianghua, S. and Jian, W. (Eds.), The Unwelcome Guests-Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Forest Invasive Species Conference. FAO-RAP, Bangkok. 9-10.
Chowdhury RA (1982) Afforestation of denuded hills of Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.Proceedings of Second Bangladesh National Conference on Forestry, Dhaka.1-5.
Das S (1982) Introduction of exotics in the plantation Forestry of Bangladesh. Proc. Second Bangladesh National conference on Forestry. 85-93.
Davidson J, Das S (1985) Eucalypts in Bangladesh-A review. Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Chittagong, Bangladesh. 246.
Dogra KS, Sood SK, Dobha PK, Sharma S (2010) Alien plant invasive and their impact on indigenous species at a global scale: a review. J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.2(9): 175-186.
Elahi KM (2006) Social forestry, exotic trees and monga, Department of Environmental Science, Stamford University Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Elahi KM (2008) Social forestry, exotic trees and monga, Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Stamford University Bangladesh, Dhaka. http://archive.the dailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=53438.
Erskine PD, Lamb D, Bristow M (2006) Tree species diversity and ecosystem function: can tropical multi-species plantations generate greater productivity? Forest Ecology and Management.233: 205-210.
Evans J (1999) Sustainability of forest plantations - the evidence. Issues Paper. London, Department for International Development.
Flora of North America Editorial Committee (Eds.) (1993-2014) Flora of North America North of Mexico. Vols.1-28. New York and Oxford.
Green KM (1981) Preliminary Observations on the Ecology and Behavior of the Capped Langur, Presbytispileatus, in the Madhupur Forest of Bangladesh. International Journal of Primatology. 2:131-151.
Hartley MJ (2002) Rationale and methods for conserving biodiversity in plantation forests.Forest Ecology and Management.155: 81-95.
Hooker JD (1872-1897) The Flora of British India, Vols. 1-7. L. Reeve & Co. Ltd., Kent, England. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India.
Hoque AKMF (1977) Soil erosion in teak plantations. Proceedings of First Bangladesh National Conference on Forestry, Dhaka. 80-83.
Hossain MK (2003) Growth Performance and Critics of Exotics in the Plantation Forestry of Bangladesh. Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, Chittagong University, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh.
Hossain MK, Pasha MK (2001) Alien Invasive Plants in Bangladesh and their Impacts on the Ecosystem. In: Assessment and Management of Alien Species that Threatened Ecosystem, Habitats and Species. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD Technical Paper No. 21, Montreal, Canada, 73-75.
Hossain MK, Hossain MS, Muhammad N (1998) A comparative study of undergrowth of Eucalyptus camaldulensis and some other plantation in Sal forest areas of Bangladesh.Indian J. For.21(2): 93-96.
Hyland BPM (1972) A technique for collecting botanical specimens in rain forest. Flora Malesiana Bulletin 26: 2038–2040.
IPNI (2008) The International Plant Names Index. . Retrieved on 10 May 2015.
Islam KR, Kamaluddin M, Bhuiyan MK, Badruddin A (1999) Comparative performance of exotic and indigenous forest species for tropical semi-evergreen degraded forest land reforestation in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Land Degradation and Development.10: 241-249.
Islam MM (2004) Structure, floristic diversity and regeneration status of Madhupur Sal forest, Bangladesh. M.Sc. Thesis. Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, Chittagong University, Chittagong, Bangladesh.1-154.
Islam MM, Amin ASR, Sarker SK (2003) Bangladesh Country Report. In: Pallewatta, N., Reaser, J.K., Gutierrez, A.T. (Eds.), Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia: National Reports & Directory of Resources. The Global Invasive Species Programme, Cape Town, South Africa.7-20.
Jain SK, Raw RR (1977) A Handbook of Field and Herbarium Methods. Today & Tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi.
Khan MASA, Uddin MB, Uddin MS, Chowdhury MSH, Mukul SA (2007) Distribution and status of forests in the tropics: Bangladesh perspective. Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences. 44: 145-153.
Lambert MC, UngCH, RaulierF (2005) Canadian national tree aboveground biomass equations. Can. J. For. Res. 35: 1996-2018.
Malaker JC, Rahman MM, Prodhan AKMAD, Malaker SK, Khan MAH (2010) Floristic composition of Madhupur Sal forest in Bangladesh.Department of Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.
Montagnini F, Gonzalez E, Porras C, Rheingans R (1995) Mixed and pure forestplantations in the humid neotropics: A comparison of early growth, pest damage, and establishment costs. Commonw. For. Rev. 74:306–314.
Mueller-Dombois D, Ellenberg H (1974) Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Mukul SA, Uddin MB, Tito MR (2006) Study on the status and various uses of invasive alien species in and around Satchari National Park, Sylhet, Bangladesh. Tiger Paper. 33 (4): 28-32.
Nasir E, Ali SI (Eds.)(1980-2005) Flora of Pakistan. Vols. 1-209. University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.
Piotto D, Craven D, Montagnini F, Alice F (2010) Silvicultural and economic aspects of pure and mixed native tree species plantations on degraded pasture-lands in humid Costa Rica. New Forests 39: 369–385.
Prain D (1903) Bengal Plants, Vol. 1 & 2, Calcutta, West Bengal.
Rahman MM (2001) Ecology, phytodiversity and nutrient status of “Sal” (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) forests in Bangladesh. Jahangirnagar University, Department of Botany, Dhaka, Bangladesh.1-193.
Rahman MM (2009) Plant diversity and anthropogenic disturbances in the Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) forests of Bangladesh. PhD Thesis, Institute of Silviculture, Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria. 7-30.
Rahman MO, Hassan MA (1995) Angiospermic flora of Bhawal National Park, Gazipur (Bangladesh). Bangladesh J. Pl. Taxon. 2(1&2): 47–79.
Randall JM (1996) Weed control for the preservation of biological diversity. Weed Technology, 10 (2): 370-383.
Rashid SH, Mia MMK (2001) Angiospermic flora of Madhupur National Park, Tangail, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 8(2): 63–82.
Raunkiaer C (1934) The life forms of plants and statistical geography. Claredon, Oxford.
Ridenour WM, Callaway RM (2001)The relative importance of allelopathy in interference: the effects of an invasive weed on a native bunchgrass. Oecologia. 126(3):444-450.
Sapkota IP, Tigabu M, Odén PC (2009) Species diversity and regeneration of old-growth seasonally dry Shorea robusta forests following gap formation in Nepal. J. For. Res. 20(1): 7-14.
Shukla SR, Chandal SP (1980) Plant ecology. (4th Edn). S. Chandel and Co. Ramnagar, New Delhi. 197.
Thapliyal M (2002) A comparative study of ground flora of unilocation monoculture of Acacia auriculiformis, Casuarina equisetiforlia, Eucalyptus tereticornis and Tectona grandisin Panampally, Palakkad, Kerala. Indian Journal of Forestry. 25(1): 82-86.
TROPICOS (2010) Missouri Botanical Garden. www.tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA. Retrieved on 10 May 2015.
Tyynela TM (2001) Species diversity in Eucalyptus camaldulensis tree plots and miombo woodland in Northeastern Zimbabwe. New Forests 22: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 239-257.
Uddin MZ, Hassan MA (2010) Angiosperm diversity of Lawachara National Park (Bangladesh): a preliminary assessment. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 17(1): 9-22.
Uddin MZ (2002) Exploration, documentation and germplasm collection of plant genetic resources of Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary (Habiganj) in Bangladesh. Ph. D. Thesis (unpublished), University of Dhaka, 1-320.
Uddin SB, Rahman MA (1999) Angiospermic flora of Himchari National Park, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 6(1): 31-68.
Uddin SN, Hassan MA (2012) Angiosperm flora of Rampahar reserve forest under Rangamati district in Bangladesh. I. Liliopsida (Monocots). Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 19(1): 37–44.
Watson MF, Akiyama S, Ikeda H, Pendry CA, Rajbhandari KR, Shrestha KK (Eds.) (2011) Flora of Nepal. Vol. 3. Magnoliaceae to Rosaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, 1-512.
Williamson M (1996) Biological invasions. Chapmanand Hall, London, U.K.
Wu CY, Raven PH, Hong DY (Eds.) (1995-2013) Flora of China. Vols. 2-25. Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing and St. Louis.
Browse journals by subject